Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Date of Birth:    January 14, 1898

Place of Birth:    Legaspi No. 19, Intramuros, Manila

Mother’s Name:    Maria Cabrera Peña

Father’s Name:    Gregorio Besacruz Romulo



EDUCATION

MASTER OF ARTS 1919 – 1921
Philosophy
Columbia University

BACHELOR OF ARTS 1916 – 1918
Liberal Arts and Sciences
University of the Philippines

HIGH SCHOOL
1st – 2nd year, Tarlac National High School    1912 – 1914

3rd – 4th year, Manila High School    1914 – 1916
Intramuros



ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES

Editor-in-Chief, Varsity News    1917 – 1918
University of the Philippines

University of the Philippines Dramatic Club    1916 – 1918

Editor-in-Chief, 1916 Annual    1915 – 1916
Manila High School

President, Cryptia Debating Club    1916, Second Semester

Chief Justice, Cryptia Moot Court    1915, First Semester
Manila High School



POSITIONS HELD

Promoted to the rank of Major General,    1984    
Philippine Armed Forces

Secretary of Foreign Affairs    1969 – 1984
Department of Foreign Affairs    
President Ferdinand E. Marcos’s Cabinet

Trustee    1963 – 1968
International Rice Research Institute

Secretary of Education    1962 – 1968
Department of Education
President Diosdado P. Macapagal’s and President
Ferdinand E. Marcos’s Cabinet

President, University of the Philippines    1962 – 1968

President, Philippine Academy of Sciences     1962
and Humanities

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister    1959 – ?
Plenipotentiary to Cuba and Brazil     
(with residence in Washington, D.C.)
President Carlos P. Garcia’s Cabinet

President, Security Council    January 1957, December 1957,
United Nations                             July 1980, September 1981

Special and Personal Envoy        1954 – 1955
(with rank of Ambassador Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary) of the President
of the Philippines to the United States
President Ramon F. Magsaysay’s Cabinet

Philippine Ambassador to the United States    1955 – 1962
President Ramon F. Magsaysay’s and President
Carlos P. Garcia’s Cabinet

Philippine Ambassador to the United States    1952 – 1953
President Elpidio R. Quirino’s Cabinet

Secretary of Foreign Affairs    1950 – 1952
Department of Foreign Affairs    
President Elpidio R. Quirino’s Cabinet

President, Fourth Regular Session    1949 – 1950
United Nations General Assembly

Chairman, Ad Hoc Political and Security Committee    1948 – 1949
Third Regular Session United Nations General Assembly

Permanent Delegate, Philippine Mission to the    1946 – May 1953
United Nations (with the rank of Ambassador)
President Manuel A. Roxas’s and President
Elpidio R. Quirino’s Cabinet

Member, United Nations Human Rights Commission    1946 – 1948

Signatory, United Nations Charter    1945

Accompanied General Douglas MacArthur        October 1944
and the liberating forces in the Leyte Landing

Promoted to the rank of        September 1944
Brigadier General, United States Army

Acting Secretary of Public Instruction    1944 – 1945
Department of Public Instruction

Resident Commissioner of the Philippines    1944 – 1946
to the United States President Sergio S. Osmeña’s Cabinet

Secretary of Information and Public Relations    1943 – 1944
Department of Information and Public Relations
President Manuel L. Quezon’s War Cabinet

Promoted to General Douglas MacArthur’s    June 1942
Aide-de-Camp

Promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel    March 1942

Major, Philippine Army Reserve     1941 – 1942
commissioned to the United States Army

Publisher/Editor    1937 – 1941
DMHM Newspapers – Debata, Monday Mail,
The Herald, and Mabuhay

Third Vice-President    1937 – 1938
Board of Rotary International

Founder, Boy Scouts of the Philippines,    1936
with Joseph E. H. Stevenot, Arsenio N. Luz,
Vicente P. Lim, Manuel R. Camus, Jorge B. Vargas,
and Gabriel A. Daza

Editor    1934 – 1937
The Philippines Herald

Member, Board of Regents    1931 – 1934
University of the Philippines

Member, Philippine Independence Mission,    1933
with Senate President and Head of the Philippine
Mission Manuel L. Quezon, Speaker of the House
Manuel Roxas, Senator Sergio Osmeña, Senator Pedro
Sabido, Resident Commissioners to the United States
Pedro Guevara and Camilo Osias, Representative Francisco
Varona, and Emiliano Tria Tirona

Editor-in-Chief    1930 – 1934
TVT Publications – The Tribune (English),    
La Vanguardia (Spanish), and the Taliba (Tagalog)

Chairman, English Department    ? – 1930
College of Liberal Arts, University of the Philippines

Coach, University of the Philippines Debate Team    1928

Editor    1928
The Philippines Herald

Editor    1927
Manila Tribune

Member, Philippine Independence Mission,    1922
with Senate President Manuel L. Quezon and Speaker
of the House Sergio Osmeña (joint chairmen), Secretary
of the Interior Maximo Kalaw, and Judge Juan Sumulong

Assistant Editor    1921– 1928
The Philippines Herald

Private Secretary    1921– 1928
to Senate President Manuel L. Quezon

Assistant Professor, English Department    1921 – ?
College of Liberal Arts, University of the Philippines

Assistant Editor    1917 – 1919
Citizen

City Editor    1917
Cable-News

Cub Reporter    1914 – 1916
Cable-News

Cub Reporter    1914
“Senate Doings” (column title), The Manila Times

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